Canopic jar (Qebehsenuf)
Canopic jars were the containers used to preserve the entrails removed from corpses during the mummification process. The entrails were protected by the four sons of Horus: Qebehsenuf, the falcon, was the protector of the intestines.
This jar is inscribed with formulas from the Pyramid Texts, which contained instructions for funeral ceremonies.
Masterpieces of the hall
Nearly all the reliefs in the Barracco Museum’s collection belong to the funerary sphere.
They come from a type of tomb, the mastaba (from the Arabic word for bench), which was especially characteristic of Old Kingdom necropolises.